|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
In most European countries a process of revising educational systems has been accomplished in the last decade, or is now under way. As Duerr, Ferreira Martins, Spajic-Vrka (2000) point out, 'changes in education are being carried out to strengthen the school's role in: a) promoting economic and social (sustainable) development; b) targeting inequality and exclusion; and c) promoting students' mastering of multiple knowledge levels and skills'. From this perspective, civic education has progressively acquired, as a consequence, a more relevant and central role. In fact civic education is nowadays widely implemented in Europe in formal education, as a separate school subject or in a cross-curricular form.