London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

The perception of corruption as a conflict between citizenship and enterprise in a competitive environment among Hungarian and British teachers

Author(s) Márta Fülöp, Mihály Berkics, Ian Davies, Merryn Hutchings and Alistair Ross  
Publisher CiCe Publications  
Year 2004  
Editor A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship  
Language English  
Age group -  
Corruption exists everywhere, in all countries of the world, although economic theories do not discuss corruption extensively; this may be a consequence of the fact that where economic theories were born – in the Anglo-Saxon countries - the level of corruption is relatively low (Hámori, 2004). Kaufmann and Siegelbaum (1997) define the concept as 'abuse of official power in order to acquire private gain' (in Hámori, 2004). According to Rose-Ackermann (1975) corruption has three main characteristics: (a) a participant in the economy obtains money or other rewards in an illegal way (b) the bribed person (agent) acts for the sake of another person or institution against the interest of the person or institution (owner) he/she represents (c) the person to be bribed has power deriving either from the insufficient functioning of the market or from his institutional position.

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