|Author(s)||Ákos Gocsál and Ágnes Huszár|
|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
The ideology of socialism declared the absolute priority of collectivism with reference to the relationship of the individual to the community. The development of the individual had to be in harmony with the community and lead to identification with the aims of the community (Schwartz 1992). A strict opposition of collective and the individual, the former being positive, the latter negative, was a characteristic of the socialist view of society. Recent research has pointed out the false nature of this simplified model (Reykowski-Smolenska 1993).