|Author(s)||Luis Carlos Rodrigues dos Santos|
|Editor||Alistair Ross, Curricula for Citizenship in Europe|
Social anthropology has allowed us a good understanding of the phenomenon of cultural diversity as an important characteristic of the human species. Through comparing the various possible forms of social organisation, social anthropology has developed the concept of cultural relativism, using the comparative method: all human beings are a product of the cultural patterns of the social group they are born into and grow up in, and which are passed on from one generation to the next. It is becoming ever more important to understand the phenomenon of social diversity in Europe, as a mixture of customs, peoples and races, so as to ensure a long-lasting and peaceful co-existence.