|Author(s)||Rúnarsdóttir & Adalbjarnardóttir:|
|Editor||Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.|
Citizenship education aims at cultivating students' awareness of such democratic values as justice, human rights, equality, and freedom (Adalbjarnardóttir, 2002; Hoge, 2002). This involves enhancing students' positive identity and feelings of responsibility and respect (Pecek, 2000). Theorists and practitioners have pointed out that in order to teach for democracy, the school must adopt democratic procedures into its classrooms and in the school as a whole (Power, Higgins & Kohlberg, 1989). In that process active learning is emphasised (Clarke & Killeavy, 2000). Teaching methods that involve and engage students, such as team work, role-playing, research projects and classroom discussions, play an important role in citizenship education (Pecek, 2000).