London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Integration of Soviet migrants as a factor shaping identity and citizenship in Estonia

Author(s) Krull:  
Publisher CiCe Publications  
Year 2003  
Editor Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.  
Language English  
Age group -  
With the restoration of its independence in 1991, Estonia inherited demographic situation significantly different from the time before the occupation. When the former Soviet Union occupied Estonia in 1940, Estonians made up about 90% of the population. Half century after annexation, Estonians comprised only 62% of the population. Almost one-third of the population could not speak the Estonian language. Furthermore, for most of the non-Estonians, the restoration of independence was unacceptable. Hence, in addition to problems like building up a new state structure and starting the reforms orientated to market economy experienced by all post-socialist countries, the young Estonian state had to find solutions to the problems, tensions and fears caused by ethnic relations

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