|Author(s)||Alonqueo & del Barrio|
|Editor||Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.|
Results of two studies on peer bullying in a multi-ethnic school are presented. 1. Incidence and characteristics of bullying amongst 153 Mapuche and no-Mapuche students in the Chilean city of Temuco were established through a questionnaire. Differences according to gender, ethnicity, school year and age were examined. 2. Mapuche adolescents' representations of peer bullying, were explored in a focus group. Results of incidence point at different kinds of verbal aggression (insults, name-calling, spreading rumours) as the most frequent bullying behaviours among students and at girls spreading rumours more than boys. More victims are found among seventh graders and younger students. Together with racist insults, indirect forms of bullying -being ignored, stolen-, are more often experienced in the Mapuche subgroup. Peer bullying is attributed to their being Mapuche, associating this category with existing ethnic stereotypes. The impact of these asymmetrical relationships on the construction of ethnic identity is discussed. The role of the school as a multiethnic context in order to improve relationships is stressed.