|Author(s)||Adalbjarnardóttir & Rúnarsdóttir|
|Editor||Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.|
Iceland is a very homogeneous country that is gradually, particularly for the last decade, becoming more multicultural with increased immigrants from other countries. In our presentation, we will discuss several concerns in the educational system to meet these challenges with a focus on equal opportunities in citizenship, culture, and identity. On the one hand, we will discuss aims in the national curriculum guidelines towards these lines. These aims for each school level outline important values that capture equality of all human beings, mutual respect and responsibility, care and reconciliation to name a few. General education is defined as being the root of democracy. This includes promoting students' autonomy, critical thinking, and solidarity with others through tolerance and respect towards other people and the environment. Further, this includes developing personal relationships that are independent of gender, ethnicity, religion, or disability. On the other hand, we will discuss several challenging concerns and programs to meet the different needs of students in the spirit of the educational aims, in a country or an island that has a small population (280.000 people).