|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
The school curriculum is used in most countries as an instrument of public policy through which national self-understanding is expressed and communicated to the young generation. This has been the tradition in Western Europe since the time of the Reformation when each ruler decided what was to be the religion of his region on the basis of cuius regio, eius religio. From the time of the Enlightenment, the conjunction of the civic and religious remits of schooling has been questioned and in France has been firmly rejected. Today the serious disagreement about the invocatio Dei in the proposed European Constitution and about the wearing of religious emblems in schools shows that the nature of the relationship between religion and civic life remains problematic in the 'New Europe'.