|Author(s)||Dr.paed., prof. Inese Jurgena|
|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
The ideals of the democratic European society in the 21st century include social harmony, the involvement of all the people in social processes, tolerance and respect to otherness, as well as preservation of cultural and linguistic diversity. In this respect, the development of citizenship identity in the conditions of cultural interaction is one of the most essential problems. Respect and tolerance to other cultures, ethical inclusion, and overcoming of narrow ethnocentrism are highly appreciated. It is important to point out the idea stated in the report 'Education for the 21st Century' by the UNESCO International Commission that one of the principal tasks of education is 'learning to live together, to develop one's understanding about others and their history, traditions, and spiritual values'(Outlines of Future Education, 2000; 18). Both in the EU countries and in Latvia, it is very important to overcome ethnic isolation and elements of alienation in the society, to evaluate the role of education in the development of uniform Latvian citizenship identity. Individuals' alienation from the state caused by lack of the sense of belonging to the Latvian society is a disquieting trend.