London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Civic Education in Albania during the first decade of democracy

Author(s) Teuta Mati, Shpresa Petrela and Gent Mati  
Publisher CiCe Publications  
Year 2001  
Editor A. Ross, Learning for Democratic Europe  
Language English  
Age group -  
As every other aspect of life until the beginning of the 1990s, civic education in Albania clearly incorporated the ideology of the regime in power, and it was considered very important. At the core of the education of those times was the formation of the new generation under the 'light' of the Marxist-Leninist ideology and with the Party of Labour, under the Constitution the only party in existence, ruling the country with an iron hand. This ideology was required to be reflected in the authentic social subjects such as Civic Education, History of the Party of Labour, Philosophy, History, and Literature as a 'red thread'. Furthermore, for every scientific notion taught at school in Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology and Astronomy, it was necessary to insert slogans and citations from the classics and the leaders of the Party in introductions, the beginnings of chapters, in summaries or at the meeting points of these subjects with dialectic materialism

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