London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Education for citizenship in Romania and the UK - a comparison

Author(s) Keith Crawford and Rob Foster  
Publisher CiCe Publications  
Year 2001  
Editor A. Ross, Learning for Democratic Europe  
Language English  
Age group -  
1989 was a significant year in the development of citizenship education in the UK; it appeared as a cross-curricular theme in the newly introduced National Curriculum. Guidance on various cross-curricular themes were developed by the National Curriculum Council (NCC) as part of the 'whole curriculum' (see Crawford, 2000). One such theme was 'Education for Citizenship' (NCC, 1990a): like the other cross-curricular themes, this was to be taught and drawn out through the formally designated curriculum subjects. However, this approach for teaching citizenship was problematic: three significant criticisms were identified: fragmented and incoherent learning would result from elements of the theme being slotted into the subject syllabuses; citizenship was chosen as a 'safe' alternative to political education, and would simply reflect the voluntaristic dry civics of the conservative interpretation of active citizenship; the time and resource pressures on the teaching of the core and foundation subjects would marginalise or exclude the non-mandatory cross-curricular teaching of citizenship. (Oliver & Heater 1994: 163-4; see also Crawford, 1996)

Back to search results


   Page last updated 09 March 2011