|Editor||Future Citizens in Europe Ed. Alistair Ross|
Since antiquity citizenship education has constituted one of the main aims of education, as evidenced in Aristotle (Politics) and of a number of Plato's works (i.e., The Laws, Protagoras). Yet the concept of citizenship is still very difficult to define (Ross, 2000; Scott, 2002). On the one hand this can be explained by the fact that every state attributes a different meaning to the concept according to the political ideal that it advocates at a given time and on the other hand contemporary theories and new institutions differentiating the concepts of 'nation' and 'identity' have led to the development of multiple identities which co-exist in a variety of ways. It is also important to note that since identities are socially constructed, different societies developed throughout history different discourse concerning citizenship.