|Editor||Alistair Ross, Curricula for Citizenship in Europe|
Comments: The important role of context in citizenship education has been underlined in a number of comparative studies. Although it is generally agreed that schools prepare students for their role as citizens as well as for their reciprocal rights and obligations, there is no agreement on either the content of civic education nor on the processes through which the balance of rights and duties are internalised. Consequently, curriculum requirements for civic education vary across countries (Torney et al., 1975; Torney-Purta & Schwille, 1986; Torney-Purta et al., 1999; Kerr, 1999). Historical tradition, geographical position, socio-political structure, economic system and global trends have been suggested (Kerr, 1999: p. 5) as the main contextual factors influencing not only citizenship education but also the concept of citizenship.