|Editor||Ross, A. (ed) Citizenship Education in Society|
Social-political cynicism is usually defined in political psychology as a set of negativistic beliefs about the morality and/or benevolence of significant social actors. Previous studies have shown this kind of cynicism to be related to ‘uncitizenlike’ behaviours and phenomena, e.g. low social cohesion and absence from voting. This paper argues that a distinction should be made between at least two different kinds of social-political ‘cynicism’, depending on whether the ‘cynic’ accepts the perceived flaws in society with no emotional response or is disturbed by them. The paper presents survey data to demonstrate the existence of these two kinds of cynicism and their differential consequences to issues of citizenship mentioned above.