|Editor||P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell (eds.) Innovative Practice and Research Trends in Identity, Citizenship and Education|
The purpose of this study is mapping national symbols mentioned most frequently in history textbooks. The research questions were the following. What are the most commonly mentioned national symbols (e.g. historical characters and places)? What actions and events do the textbooks usually mention in relation to these symbols? Some of the relevant chapters of four Hungarian history textbooks (approximately 450 pages) were analysed. The textbooks covered Hungarian history from the tenth century till the early eighteenth century. The textbooks most frequently mention kings, tell about their reign, but their personal characteristics and actions also appear. Textbooks contain more than 100 places, one of them, Buda gets great emphasis in all periods. These results give descriptive information about national symbols, but can be used in two ways in further research. On the one hand, the outcomes can be used to design test items measuring students’ knowledge about these symbols. On the other hand, they can be the basis of further analysis of textbooks designed for younger students.