|Author(s)||Grabowski, A. & Sebastyanska-Targowska, I.|
|Editor||P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell (eds.) Innovative Practice and Research Trends in Identity, Citizenship and Education|
This study examined whether the almost ten years of Poland’s being a member of the EU have resulted in young Polish people’s personal/subjective conviction of being a citizen of Europe (as compared to the sense of being a citizen of Poland). Participants answered two questions: ‘How much do you subjectively/personally feel you are a citizen of the Republic of Poland’ and ‘How much do you subjectively/personally feel you are a citizen of the United Europe’. In order to check whether our respondents’ subjective sense of being a citizen (both of Europe and Poland) is firm and stable or could be affected by contextual factors, we randomly alternated the order of the questions for half the participants. Additionally, two thirds of the participants, before completing the questionnaire, were informed that it was either a European Parliament Integration Committee or the Polish Patriotic Association that asked their university to conduct the study. The other participants were asked to fill in the form with no such information. The results demonstrate that young Poles’ subjective sense of being EU citizens appears to be both generally less intensive than that of being citizens of Poland and malleable.