London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Consensus and differences in the judgment of historical events

Author(s) Meszaros, N., Szabo, Z.P. & Laszlo, J.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2013  
Editor P. Cunningham (ed.) Identities and Citizenship Education: Controversy, crisis and challenges  
Age group -  
Our research aim was to examine whether the homogeneity/heterogeneity of the representations of history is influenced by national identification; and additionally, what kind of national identity state emerges in the light of historical representations. We conducted three questionnaire studies (N=145) and we found high consensus both in the selection and in the evaluation of the most important historical events. However, consistent differences were found in the intensity of evaluation of events depending on the national identification: negative events were evaluated more negatively and positive events were evaluated more positively by subjects with strong identification. This is especially true for subjects who glorify the Hungarian nation. Keywords: historical representations, national identification, collective victimhood

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