London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

What does it take to promote cooperative competitive citizenship in a community?

Author(s) Fülöp, M., Takács, S. & Büki, N.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2013  
Editor P. Cunningham (ed.) Identities and Citizenship Education: Controversy, crisis and challenges  
Age group -  
system of cooperative and competitive relationships. The goal of the present research was to identify those conditions and their interrelationship that may promote a beneficial combination of cooperation and competition i.e. cooperative competition. In addition we wanted to reveal how the potentials of cooperative competition may vary according to different life domains. In our study the Critical Incident Technique (Flanagan, 1954) was applied. The procedure was elaborated in order to examine complex interpersonal phenomena and to provide ecological validity. Altogether 431 stories recalling competitive relationships described by university students and primary and secondary school teachers were analysed. After free description of the ‘story’ participants answered specific questions to characterize the competitive event along different dimensions with a Likert-type scale. Applying factor analysis four different scales were constructed: the Relationship scale (cooperation, trust, communication), the Motivation scale (motivation, the importance of the goal, development, learning), the Rule keeping scale (rule keeping, no aggression, no manipulation) and the Enjoyment scale (enjoyment, positive stress). Correlational analysis revealed how these different scales relate to each other. Critical incidents were also content analysed and categorized according to the life domain in which the competition took place. The interrelation of the different relationship and situational variables with the life domain was also examined in order to reveal if in different life domains there are different potentials to form cooperative competitive relationships. Keywords: cooperative competition, domains of competition, citizenship, community

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