London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

From traditional to cosmopolitan views on citizenship education: A new instrument for evaluation

Author(s) García, T., Ordoñez, E., Preckler, M., Sainz, V., Pérez Manjarrez, E., Plascencia, M., Juanes García, A., Maldonado, A. & Jacott, L.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2012  
Editor P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell (eds.) Creating Communities: Local, National and Global  
Age group -  
This empirical study explores Spanish secondary students´ thoughts on citizenship. A questionnaire was applied to a sample of 2424 secondary students of different grades (2th and 4th) from five autonomous regions: Madrid, the Basque Country, Extremadura, the Canary Islands and Andalusia. The questionnaire was designed as an innovative tool for assessing students' representations of cosmopolitan conceptions of citizenship based on several different dimensions, such as: democracy, diversity, globalisation, sustainable development, empire, imperialism, power, prejudice, discrimination, racism, migration and human rights. With regard to student´s conceptions of citizenship, results indicate that students show a trend that ranges from a more traditional conception of citizenship towards a more global and cosmopolitan one. There were differences between the conceptions of citizenship and human rights by grade and age. There were also differences by gender, type of school and students´ socio-cultural background. In addition, we found significant differences in the citizenship conception between immigrant and non-immigrant students. We discuss the educational implications of developing a cosmopolitan view of citizenship more oriented to the promotion of social justice and human rights. Keywords: citizenship education, cosmopolitan citizenship, teaching and learning, secondary education, students´ conceptions, social justice, human rights

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