London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

The methodological differences between Japanese and British research on citizenship education

Author(s) Tanaka, N.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2012  
Editor P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell (eds.) Creating Communities: Local, National and Global  
Age group -  
This paper aims to compare research methods in the UK and Japan. Citizenship education research in Japan is divided into two areas "research about content" and "research about method," both of which are then further subdivided. In "research about contents," for example, there are two components, one theoretical the other practical. Where the former analyses the philosophy or sociology of citizenship education, the latter analyses the curriculum, textbooks and classroom activities of citizenship education, including developing the curriculum and new teaching materials. The “research about method” area is divided into two methodologies, with one focusing on purpose, the other means. With regards to the former the researcher aims to clarify what citizenship education is, and with the latter at contributing to Japanese educational practice. The purpose of the paper will be to clarify and examine the differences between the Japanese and British approaches to citizenship education research. Keywords: citizenship education, culture, methodology, comparative research, Japan

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