London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

A new cultural canon in a new multicultural world: Identity, diversity and multiculturalism between past and future in Romania’s Banat

Author(s) Oprescu, F. & Oprescu, M.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2011  
Editor P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell, Europe's Future: Citizenship in a Changing World  
Age group -  
The region of Banat has been a meeting place and a melting pot of peoples and cultures. The result of immigrations was the birth of a diverse ethnic and linguistic region, cultural diversity marking the place and the region imposed its identity through an authentic multicultural canon. This multicultural canon, defined as a set of cooperation principles, a model norm for other cultures, an example of citizenship, functioned, for centuries, but after the disappearance of minorities as a result of communist political persecutions and the uniformity of the values, the multicultural canon started going through real identity crises. This paper sets to analyse the actual image of cultural identity in Banat, comparing it to the canonical lost one. There are two aspects: a historical analysis of the canon in the region in the context of European transformations, taking into account 3 periods: Habsburgic colonisation; communist period; post-communist era. The second stage refers to literary representations of the image, at the confluence of history, nationalities and languages. We are searching for the significance of terms such as identity, diversity, multiculturalism in four significant texts: Nicolae Stoica, ‘The Chronics of Banat’; Livius Ciocârlie ‘A Provincial Burgtheater’; Herta Müller, ‘Everything I Possess I Carry With Me’, Daniel Vighi, ‘The Mysteries of Solitude Castle or about Solitude in Winter Time’. Keywords: cultural canon, identity, diversity, multiculturalism

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