London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Features of the ethnic identity and social adaptation of Latvians working in England and Ireland

Author(s) Plotka, I., Blumenau, N. & Jurisa, I.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2011  
Editor P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell, Europe's Future: Citizenship in a Changing World  
Age group -  
At present, in connection with economic problems, the stream of the Latvians leaving to work and live in England and Ireland, has increased. The issues connected with processes of social adaptation of Latvian emigrants and preservation of their ethnic identity remain poorly understood. Our research objective is studying ethnic identity and social adaptation of Latvian emigrants living in different cultural environments. The study involved the following participants: 30 Latvians from England and 30 from Ireland, 15 men and women in each group; aged 36-42; representatives of different professions; living in emigration for more than a year. The research is based on comparison of levels under scales of ethnic identity (Ethnic nihilism, Ethnic indifference, Positive ethnic identity, Ethnic egoism, Ethnic isolationism, Ethnic fanaticism) and scales of social adaptation (Adaptability, Conformity, Inter-activity, Depression, Nostalgia, Estrangement), as well as inter-correlation between them. It is preliminary established that processes of adaptation of Latvians in England and Ireland differ. In Ireland adaptation is more strongly connected with tendencies of hypo-identity, and in England – with positive ethnic identity. Keywords: Ethnic identity, social adaptation, culture space, tolerance

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