|Editor||P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell, Lifelong Learning and Active Citizenship|
The article discusses a number of dilemmas and paradoxes related to the assessment of citizenship education and civic education, with special reference to active citizenship and lifelong learning. It also deals with some contradictions in the assessment of the goals and expected outcomes of citizenship education. Finally, assessment of citizenship education is analysed in the framework of some current trends of assessment.