|Editor||P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell, Lifelong Learning and Active Citizenship|
Approaches to citizenship education vary across countries. Citizenship education in Turkey has been provided in various forms since the establishment of the republic. In 1998, a new Citizenship and Human Rights Education program was included in the Turkish national curriculum; however, this strand was incorporated into the Social Studies Education curriculum in 2009. The main aim of the study is to explore the current approach to citizenship in the Social Studies curriculum with a view to analyzing its constituent components. This study will use a citizenship education framework to analyze the grades four to seven curriculum guides and to bring to the fore what the new social studies curriculum emphasizes to develop essential citizenship skills and values.