London Metropolitan University Research Institutes

Cross-Cultural Investigation of Political Thinking and Need for Closure

Author(s) Harsányi, S. G. & Miriam Sang-Ah Park, M.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2010  
Editor P. Cunningham & N. Fretwell, Lifelong Learning and Active Citizenship  
Age group -  
There are a number of theories as to classifying various cultures, of which the individualist versus collectivist grading is most widely accepted. Various societies have been examined using this classification from various points of view, but only a few of these studies focused on measuring differences in cognitive style (Rokeach, 1960). Recent thesis deals with the people living around us, and with the very personal ways of processing information about the society around us. Its latest version is the theory of the so-called “need for closure” (Kruglanski, 2004). This topic is dealt with only by a few researchers (with the exception of Fu and colleagues 2007 for example) as connecting the two above topics concerns two very distinct areas of social psychology. Our Present research compares the data of a Hungarian (N=140) and a Korean (N=148) university student regarding their need for closure and the acceptation of certain values. Interviewees were asked to fill in the need for closure scale by Webster and Kruglanski (1994) – the Hungarian version by Csanádi and colleagues 2009, and the Corean version respectively. Furthermore, they were asked about their opinion on modern (e.g. homeland defence, economic development) and post-modern (e.g. freedom of speech) values. Answers measuring both need for closure and values convey that Koreans’ results are much more homogenous and uniform than the results of their Hungarian counterparts. Koreans (due to their high standard of economic development) have preferred post-modern values when compared to Hungarians. Key words: need for closure, culture, values

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