|Editor||A. Ross & P. Cunningham, Reflecting on Identities: Research, Practice and Innovation|
This paper analyzes national and educational ideologies and policies, and their effects on national relations and identities in Estonia. It distinguishes between democratic and authoritarian ideologies and practices. Estonian national policy, ideology and civic education pay lip-services to the European ideals, ignoring the dominance of authoritarian relations and attitudes in practice. The Estonian integration strategy and civic education do not support integration of democratic Estonians and Russians on the basis of common democratic and human values. The authoritarian Estonian national ideology succumbs to the more aggressive authoritarian ideology of the Russian Federation. Conflicts may be provoked between authoritarian national groups. Democratic national ideology and civic education may avoid conflicts, overcome ethnic isolation and increase the national integration.