|Editor||P. Cunningham, Human Rights and Citizenship Education|
Students of today, young people learning at universities or in schools nowadays, have not experienced or witnessed themselves the revolutions of 1989/1990 in Europe. In the best case they have been learning about those events from their parents and relatives, from the media and, last but not least, from school lessons. To what amount and with which content does school – be it in West Europe or a post-communist country - provide learners with opportunities to achieve knowledge about the revolutions? What do young people feel when they see and hear (again and again) films showing 70.000 citizens who demonstrate in front of tanks, photos of average people who climb up a wall or tear down a communist monument, reports about citizens who make sure that the secret service in their town has no opportunity to destroy their files and archives? Whenever political processes like the revolutions of 1989/1990 have had that impact on daily life of the younger generation, in East and West Europe, citizenship has to “explain” the facts and the reasons to young people.