|Editor||P. Cunningham, Human Rights and Citizenship Education|
Pomaks are those whose mother language is Pomakika (name in Greek) Pomakci (name in their language); most linguists call that language Pomak and sometimes Bulgarian. The Pomakika language belongs to the linguistic family of the Southern Slavic languages. Pomaks live in the three departments of Western Thrace: they are the main component of the Muslim minority in the Greek area. Pomaks, along with Turks and Muslim Roma living in Thrace, are officially recognized as a religious Muslim minority, in accordance with the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and formally enjoy the corresponding rights, though they have been treated as Turkish and not Pomakika speakers by the authorities. In the case of Pomaks we encounter the so called "historical minorities" issue which is spread in Europe. Nevertheless in the Balkan area, it has been noticed that various minority groups often share the common history with the majority of other ethnic groups. In a lot of cases like the one of Pomak people, the "minorities" or "nationalities" origins come from their historical past.