|Editor||A. Ross, Citizenship Education: Europe and the World|
This paper demonstrates that curricula designed around political projects, either British or European; despite their emphasis on diversity, have problems addressing entrenched pluralism in contemporary societies. The difficulty of democracy and democratic participation becomes transformed into state policy objectives disconnected from the cultures of young people. Young people are seen as problems that must be ‘managed’ rather than as active citizens capable of thinking and making decisions about issues that concern them. Citizenship education defined as a ‘light touch’ allows more creative forms of implementation to emerge. But many schools view even this as onerous: there remains too much emphasis on teaching institutional politics rather than on democratic political processes and experience. Young people remain disillusioned and sceptical towards politicians and official political debate.