|Editor||A. Ross, Citizenship Education: Europe and the World|
This paper examines the effect of the teaching history on social identity in Latvia, using discourse analyses of history textbooks and teaching. Various types of authoritarianism – nationalistic between the wars and Soviet after WWII – influenced history teaching, particularly on national issues, patriotism, and power. Soviet occupiers attempted to change Latvians’ view of history, and themselves, by rewriting history from a Soviet/Russian perspective. These educational policies and attitudes are described in detail in the educational journal, Padomju Latvijas Skola (PLS) – Soviet Latvian School. The purpose of PLS was to inform Latvian educators of the new Soviet order which placed Russia first among the nations of the USSR, and that the distortion, suppression, and reinvention of Latvia’s history was to legitimise Russian domination.