|Editor||A. Ross, Citizenship Education: Europe and the World|
Social changes in the last decades, described as an age of post-modernity (Lyotard), late modernity (Beck) or liquid modernity (Bauman)influence the processes of identity building. When we are seeking for the educational opportunities to empower developmental processes of children’s identity, we must recognize and accept these wider cultural changes. This paper describes two paths of cultural changes in Western civilizations that have influenced the value orientations and identity structures of young people. The first is a change of basic personal considerations/expectations of young generations in last decades. Until recently most people sought personal freedom as an identity and value: now they seek security in the private sphere of family and friendship. The second can be seen in moral development theories and practices.