|Editor||A. Ross, Citizenship Education: Europe and the World|
This paper argues citizenship education should be an endeavour to enhance global identity and lead to an ‘active citizenry’ by providing learning opportunities. The terms ‘citizens’ and ‘citizenship (education)’ may misleadingly be thought to refer to national states. In the European Union citizenry goes beyond the traditional states, but remains linked to a differently defined constitutional. Citizenship and citizenship education have to be reframed in a global sense. Traditionally citizenship education emphasized knowledge and cognitive approaches, we now stress skills of analysis, organisation, cooperation, arguing and deliberating . Both knowledge and skills must be based on democratic values: justice, fairness and equality. Where political literacy and capacities refer to human rights, this can be termed global identity.