|Author(s)||Korhonen, R., Hegstrup, S.|
|Editor||A. Ross, Citizenship Education: Europe and the World|
Culture is a system of human values, which change over time and from group to group. Identity, the consciousness of the acting self, is a part of this cultural change. Identity is a concept researched through philosophy, social sciences, neurology, and also education, in understanding the formation of identity in early childhood. Identity does not grow from the inside out; its roots are cultural. With development identity undergoes structural changes in transitional periods, of which there are three before school age: the new born period (activity is joint with the mother/carer); the second half of the first year (interest in manipulating objects); the period of imaginative play (beginning of the second year and lasts into the school years).