|Editor||A. Ross, Teaching Citizenship|
This paper focuses on the conceptual problems of democracy education and outlines an original framework. It relies on sociological dilemmas (individual and society, social actors and structures) and institutional theories on organisations. This framework covers all the main dimensions of the European Education for Democratic Citizenship project (Audigier, 1999) and offers a way of overcoming the shortcomings of the traditional civic education curricula (formal description of social, economic and political institutions, gaps between theories, policies and practices). I have implemented the framework in comparative studies of public and educational administration in Estonia and other European countries since 1997. I have also proposed the framework to the Centre for Curriculum Development at the University of Tartu for a reform in civic education in Estonia.